I guess you're Fred's non-official co-reader then.
Has your Witsen-copy arrived yet? I am still waiting for Fred's 'Filosophy'.
I am not that familiar with 19th century American ship building practice, but I suppose the 19th century MacKay sloop was built in the English way. I guess that would mean that the sloop is built with the standard English double framing, what would account for the complete filling of the hull with framing timbers. Or is the framing more random? Is there an internet link to the archaeological site, so I can have a look? Or do you have a picture of your reconstruction? Would be great to see.
Engish practice was also, contrary to the 17th century Dutch practice, that the stern faced the water when the ship was built. But, regarding your remark about the ship being burnt to obtain its fasteners, I guess this ship was landed to be demolished? If so, the question would be: did they land the ship bow first, or stern first to demolish it? Please correct me if I got your whole story wrong.
I will create a new post in the general board for this, since it is not directly Vasa related. But will leave a small word on Essex. Even though what is left of the hull is pretty solid, the timbers are not all the same size. They vary quite a bit. Pictures show the ship bow first prior to burning, but after studying the remains closely, it is likely that the currents have flipped the remains around (or the burners did) and it now rests stern first.
I wonder if what ever I designed for my Vasa 1:48 scale is realistic ?
Last week being in the Nederlands and I notest the disposal on the keel frames by " 7 Provincien " replica wich are to be seen at Lelystad . There I whitnest dfiferent disposal of those framaes . Considering the fact both " 7 Provincien " and " Vasa" are dutch design boat I wonder whay the frames are different ?
I'm not wuite sure whetherI understand your question. Fact is that wasa and the reconstruction of the zp are quite different. vasa is much earlier, tha ZP. Also, Wasa was build shell first, while ZP is build frames first, using a system in which a number of frames was erected first, and next these ar complemented, usi g battens to check for the size and form of the frames.
Btw, from your pictures I see that the building in Lelystad has actually come to a full stop since a couple of years. i was there four years ago, and the ships was looking exactly the same.....
For the first , I went to Holland to study the dutch building technology of the old ships from XVII-th Century and not at all to compare Vasa and 7 Provincien which would have been a stupid thing to do . Second , I intend to write a book about Vasa 1628 with drawings for modellship enthusiasts . As well to build a ship model 1:48 scale of the very same ( arsenal model ). My question to Fred Hocker concerned the differences between the frames . Studying several ships from the same period I observed differences in the way the frames were attached to the keel. Some of them as 7 Provincien were assembled trough a "channel " carved in the frames while others as Vasa presented no "channels". I understood you are an " amateur" :-))), but have you got a name as well ?
Vasa and ZP differ in their framing and construction sequence largely because of the difference in age. The bottom-based method used in Vasa was largely abandoned for large, seagoing ships by the second half of the 17th century in favor of the frame-based approach seen in the current ZP reconstruction. When the ZP project started, it was being built in the early 17th-century manner, with the bottom planked out to the turn of the bilge before floor timbers were inserted, but this was all torn down and a frame-based method used when the ZP project was reorganized in the 2000s. Dutch shipbuilding is not monolithic, it changed over time and had a lot of regional variation as well. The bottom-based method is most often associated with the northern Netherlands, while ships farther south favored a frame-based methodology (although as Jules will know, that is a gross over-simplification of the reality).
An important difference to note between Vasa and the ZP reconstruction is that ZP is using made frames, with the futtocks fastened to the floor timbers so that entire frames can be erected at once. In Vasa, there are no connections between any of the frame timbers, each element is independent. In addition, the frames are not generally square to the keel, either athwartships or vertically. There are different numbers of futtocks and top timbers on the port and starboard sides. Thus Dorin's digital model with continuous frames of even dimension is quite far from the reality. It would be quite difficult to build an admiralty-style model of Vasa. As Kroum Batchvarov, who has been recording the frames, likes to say, model builders will hate us.
The following image shows something of the framing amidships at the level of the lower gundeck (this is the partial reconstrucion we made as a cannon target). One can see that the timbers are of irregular dimensions, the futtocks end at different heights, there are extra futtocks in the way of the beams, and there are no real joints between timbers. In addition, these timbers are somewhat more regular in their shapes than those on the ship. The original floor timbers and futtocks have substantial areas of sapwood and bark on them, and a fair amount of wind.
Thank you very much for the feedback! I have to mention that the frames you have seen are not ment to be final. Those will be further processed into floor timber , futtocks and top timber with respective dimensions.(Different ones, of course I guess i have got the general idea you pointed at, that Vasa was not ongoing the Quality Control Protocol when delivered...
By the way,do you think I could extract from the plan below the right dimensions necessary for my project? I would be extremely grateful for your expertise. 3_b genomskrn rekons.pdf (1.42 MB)
To illustrate what Fred said on frane parts that are very irregular, and not connected to each other, you can take a picture of Batavia, build in around the same time as Vasa as an example. This is a picture of the inside of the wreck in Australia. It is very difficult to recognize separate frames, it looks as if the whole inside of the hull is just covered in timber.
I have a question about the above mentioned building methods in relation to the shape of the main frame and hull shape. If you construct the bottom of the ship the way Witsen describes this, a cross section of the ship will show a sudden change in direction at the bilge. In Dutch this is called a 'knikspant'. Witsen shows this sudden change in direction on several plates, concerning the shape of the frame as well as the hull. The result is the bottom of the ship is in cross section always a straight line over the entire length of the ship. So the the strakes are put against each other without a bevel. If you build a shape like that, you need to know only two things to be able to work towards the intended shape: the rise of the bottom and the width. If it is possible to build ships with a round bottom profile using the bottom based method you encounter a problem: you need to bevel the strakes. This bevel will change according to the place, lengthwise, where this bevel is measured. My question is, how do you establish these bevels? Cornelis van Yk mentions in his description these bevels are derived from the already established frames. But in the situation of a bottom based construction method, this is impossible because there are no frames. How do you control and establish the development of the bottom when the profile of the bottom is curved?
In this thread Jules presented some data from Cornelis van Yk. The data are taken from a certer of a ship, presented in chapter 24 of Cornelis's book. This ship measures 172 feet over stem and stern and describes the keel and the rabbet in the keel. My question is, is Jules able to present a clear interpretation of these data in the form of a fysical object? What do these data represent?
Those Dutchcerters give the main dimensions of the main parts of a ship. Above are the measures that describe size and form of the stern and the keel. (Length, curvature, angleto the keel). In the last post above it is the sternpost. It shouldbe possible to draw these. The resulting ship will be an interpretation as 1. Not all things Van Ijk writes are equally clear, 2. Within the measures of the certer, the shipwright has a reasonable amount of margin.